Part time and full time are standard terms in the job market. The difference between full and part time work schedules may seem murky in some instances, but there are key distinguishing factors. You can differentiate a part-time worker from a full time one based on the number of working hours, days, benefits and payment.
The Number Of Working Hours
Globally, full-time work involves working an average of 40 hours per week. That translates to an estimated 160 hours per month. However, the definition is open for the employer to set their limits. Some companies define a full-time employee as working more than 30 hours a week, while others use 35 hours per week as the standard. The firm’s definition of a full-time work schedule will set the limits for a part-time work schedule.
Therefore, a part-time work schedule is simply any work program that takes up fewer hours than full-time employment. In general terms, a part-time employee works less than 30 hours every week. The advantage of being a part-timer is you enjoy flexibility. During the free hours, you can take up another part-time employment or enroll for studies.
Full And Part Time Working Days
The difference between full and part time employment also lies in the number of working days. Most full-time employees work a consistent weekly schedule of five days. They work from Monday to Friday with some rare inclusions of Saturdays. Although some employers may give a rest day within the workweek, the cycle remains the same worldwide.
Part-time employees do not have to report to work every day from Monday to Friday. Their work week revolves around the number of hours they are required to work. A typical part-time week may contain two ten-hour days or three eight-hour days. It all depends on how many hours the employee is required to work. While a full-time employee works from 8 am to 5 pm, a part-time worker may have to work on weekends or work during night shifts.
Access To Employee Benefits
The standard practice with most employers is to include benefits in the full-time work package. The law provides some primary benefits for any worker enrolled on a full time basis that are not available to part-timers. Benefits provided for in the law are mandatory for every employer to issue to their full-time workforce. Some benefits include health insurance for the employee and immediate family, injury compensation and paid leaves.
As a part-timer, you miss out on these benefits, but your employer may opt to grant them to you. With a part-time work status, you cannot also enroll in the company’s pension scheme. Besides, your income will be taxed as the employer must remit taxes for both part-time and full-time employees.
Full And Part Time Employee Payment
The majority of full-time employees earn a monthly salary while part-timers earn by the hour. However, full-time employees who earn per hour end up getting a flat rate payment. That is to say, if they work 35 hours out of their weekly 40 hours, they still get paid for 40 hours. Part-timers, however, only get paid for the number of hours they work. Their pay can fluctuate weekly or monthly depending on the hours clocked. Therefore, it is not entirely true that full-time employees earn more than part-timers.
The points discussed above help to outline the difference between full and part time work. However, as a business or employer, it is important to have clear demarcations to prevent legal implications later. Additionally, the law is against the discrimination of part-time employees.